Researchers in Japan have made a discovery that may open up opportunities to significantly improve processing power by combining classical and quantum computing techniques in new ways.
A research team led by Professor Takahiro Matsumoto of Nagoya City University was working on the concept of quantum entanglement.
Historically, scientists have struggled to fabricate quantum entanglements (the fundamentals of quantum computing) due to a variety of engineering and logistical challenges. However, Matsumoto and his team recently observed a phenomenon that could provide a key. It is a pair of protons entangled on the surface of a silicon nanocrystal.
“Proton entanglement has previously been observed in molecular hydrogen and plays an important role in a variety of scientific fields. However, the entangled state was only found in the gas or liquid state,” explains Matsumoto.
“Now we can detect quantum entanglement on solid surfaces, paving the way for future quantum technologies.”
Quantum Computing Innovations
According to the research paper, the integration of modern silicon technology with proton qubits (the basic unit of quantum information) “could lead to an organic coupling of classical and quantum computing platforms.”
Reportedly, this could allow systems with far more qubits (10^6) than what is currently possible (10^2), dramatically improving throughput across supercomputing applications.
Commenting on the importance of his team’s discovery, Matsumoto explained that next-generation quantum computers could open up new opportunities across a wide range of fields and use cases.
“Quantum computers can handle complex problems that conventional supercomputers cannot solve,” he said.
“[The discovery] It could be a game changer for quantum computing when it comes to data storage, processing and transmission, and potentially leading to a paradigm shift in pharmaceuticals, data security and many other fields.”